Словарь Лубенской

The Rich Idioms of Russian: Verbal Soul Food of a Culture (By MICHAEL SPECTER)
Published: August 20, 1995

OF all the horrors confronting Russian society political and economic instability, a lingering war, an average life expectancy for men so low it's hard to believe (57 years) — worrying about the current state of Russian conversational language might seem a little, well, petty.

But that would be taking the short view.

"There is nothing more important than the language," said Sophia Lubensky (Софья Лубенская), a professor of Slavic Language and Literature at the State University of New York at Albany. "Czars come and go. Presidents come and go. There are wars, there are famines. Language lives through it all."

Mrs. Lubensky, a Russian emigre, has just produced the "Russian-English Dictionary of Idioms" (Random House) the first book in decades to try to translate the ideas of Russian idioms — and not just the words — into English. And while it is rich in the dark phrases of the 18th century, and not terribly up on the current slang one hears on the streets of Moscow, a careful tour of this volume can tell a reader as much about what matters to Russians as the results of any election or emergency meeting of the International Monetary Fund.

God, Food and Soul
The book is full of the language of God, food and the soul. Not surprising perhaps for a country that always seems to be have something bad in its mouth (vodka is heavily linked to the soul in the Russian imagination; no doubt so are cigarettes, though there are no idioms here to prove it.)

For instance, a Russian could pretty much convey the entire range of human emotion with reference only to kasha (каша), the grain dish. Nobody around here would argue with this notion, for example: "Kashu maslom ne isportish/ Кашу маслом не испортишь " which means literally you cannot spoil kasha/каша with too much butter. What it really means, of course, is you can't have too much of a good thing— and in Russia a good thing is usually, well, food soaked in butter.

Then again, there are limits. If things go too well for too long a guy can simply "s zhiru besitsya / с жИру бЕсится " which means go mad from eating so much fat, or have it so cushy that he gets soft. "Bolno zhirno budet / БОльно жИрно бУдет ," sick with fat, painfully fat or it's a lot of fat, means, basically, who does this guy think he is? Is his diet so rich that he can treat everyone like a vassal? And if somebody does mess up pretty badly (Boris Yeltsin in Chechnya for example) then the only thing to do is: "raskhlyobyvat kashu / расхлЁбывать кАшу ," which literally means eat up the kasha/каша, but really means clean up his disgusting mess.
Russians don't speak with marbles in their mouth, they speak with kasha in their mouth (kasha vo rtu/ каша во ртУ ). They're not green behind the ears; they have "malo kashi yel/ мАло кАши ел ," which means they have eaten too little kasha in their lives to be worth much.

Even some of today's best-known idioms are food-based. When Prime Minister Viktor S. Chernomyrdin was being challenged not long ago about the war in Chechnya he erupted: "Veshat lapshu na ushi/ вешать лапшу на уши ," which means literally "Don't try *hanging noodles on my ears, buddy", or, as Americans might say it, that's a lot of bull. Mikhail S. Gorbachev spat the same phrase at a member of Parliament who was trying to explain why he participated in the failed 1991 coup.

Food matters, of course, but not as much as the Lord. Russians often express their most fundamental feelings with reference to God, even if God is nothing they actively believe in.

In addition to the many idioms that translate easily into English (God knows how much I have suffered; God knows what I have done; God be merciful) there are some phrases that mean far more to Russians than they do in America: "Radi boga/ ради бОга " (for God's sake) is possibly the most commonly repeated phrase in the Russian language -- except for a few profanities that translate quite well, but not in this newspaper. Instead of filling empty airspace with the all-purpose words well, um, and you know — all part of the America's national speech impediment — Russians are capable of repeating the phrase radi boga 20 times in five minutes.

God's name is invoked in every imaginable way. If somebody is a complete loser he is "ni bogu svechka ni chyortu kocherga/ ни бОгу свЕчка, ни чЁрту кочергA "— neither a candle to God nor a rod to the devil, i.e., useless. If it's time to stand up and be a man then you say, "Ne bogi gorshki obzhigayut/ не бОги горшкИ обжигАют "— It's not God who bakes all the clay pots, or anybody can do this work if he really tries.

But not even God can compare with the soul. No word has more significance in the Russian language than dusha / душА, or soul. A good human being has a "dusha naraspashku/ душА нараспАшку" — an unbuttoned soul, but really an open heart. But a bad guy — and this has been said of everyone from Dostoyevsky's Raskolnikov in "Crime and Punishment" to Gen. Dzhokhar Dudayev, the Chechen rebel leader — is a person who would "naplevat v dushu/ наплевАть в дУшу," or spit in your soul.

Russian souls are also always being engraved upon, trampled upon, put aside, unburdened and burdened. People worm their way into your soul, they rip their soul in two, and of course, they are often caught selling the damn thing.

Window on Culture
"Without this type of idiomatic expression people simply could not communicate," said Yevgeny N. Shiryaev, deputy director of the Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Russian Language and an expert on the development of common speech. "Words would not add up properly. And of course the type of idioms we often rely on — earthy, physical phrases — tell a lot about our culture."

That's no doubt because the Russian people are so practical. After all, "Snyavshi golovu, po volosam ne plachut/ СнЯвши гОлову по волосАм не плАчут"— or, once your head has been cut off, there's no use crying about your hair. Now doesn't that make "there's no use crying over spilt milk" seem a little pathetic?

nytimes.com

ЛДП (Ложные друзоя

ЛДП (Ложные друзоя переводчика)
Список наиболее распространенных ЛДП, составленный Л.Виссон.
актуальный/вопрос
topical, pressing, relevant, immediate, important/issue

аргумент
reasons, convictions (not disagreement)

артист
any performing artist

авантюра
a shady (risky) undertaking

декада
ten days, not ten years

диверсия
sabotage, military diversionary tactic, subversion

экономный
thrifty, frugal, practical

фальшивый
artificial, forged, imitation, counterfeit

характер
nature, disposition (a character in a work of literature is а «персонаж»)

характеристика(и)

(двигателя, машины)
description, a letter of recommendation, performance (of an engine)

конкретный
actual, specific, positive, definite

курьезный
amusing, odd, intriguing, funny

манифестация
public (mass) demonstration

митинг
public rally

момент
period of time, element, point; aspect (один из моментов в его выступлении)

нормально
well; properly (он вел себя нормально)

оперативный
effective, quick, practical, current, timely

пафос
excitement, inspiration, enthusiasm, emotion, thrill

персонаж
character (in a literary work)

перспективный
promising, future, long-range

претендовать
to lay claim to (он претендовал на имущество соседа: he had pretensions to his neighbour's property)

симпатичный
nice, pleasant, sweet

— А вот несколько ЛДП, часто вызывающих ошибки при переводе на русский язык :
dramatic (achievements, colours, etc.)
впечатляющий, привлекающий внимание, яркий, значительный

aggressive
напористый, целеустремленный

pathetic
жалкий, убогий

целеустремленный
see
http://www.idiomcenter.com/forum/threads/460#comment-4311

Список наиболее часто

Список наиболее часто встречающихся идиом, сравнений, крылатых выражений, составленный Л. Виссон

больное место, больной вопрос
a sore spot; touchy subject

(бросать) камешки в чей-либо огород
to make a dig at, to allude to someone with implied criticism

это камешки в мой огород?
was that aimed at me?

не в своей тарелке
to feel ill at ease; out of place; out of sorts

без году неделя
for a short time

бить баклуши
to waste time; stand by idly

бить ключом
to go on full speed ahead; to be in full swing

бросать тень на
to cast aspersions/slurs on

валить с больной головы на здоровую
to shift the blame (unfairly)

вилами на воде писано
hot air; unclear, undecided, still up in the air, not written in stone

Васька слушает да ест
to listen to advice but do one's own thing; blithely ignore criticism

валять дурака
to play the fool

в ус не дуть
not to give a damn

выводить на чистую воду
to show someone's true colors; expose, unmask

выходить сухим из воды
to emerge unscathed

гамбургский счет
objective, unbiased evaluation

глядеть как баран на новые ворота
to stare as though seeing for the first time

голь на выдумку хитра
necessity is the mother of invention

греть руки
to make something off someone/ something

даром не пройдет
won't get away with it

дать маху
to make a blunder; let slip

дело в шляпе
it's in the bag

демьянова уха
too much of a good thing

делать из мухи слона
to make a mountain out of a molehill

ждать у моря погоды
to sit around and wait indefinitely

закинуть удочку
to put out a feeler; test the waters

показать, где раки зимуют
to "show" someone; teach someone a lesson

искать вчерашний день
to go on a wild goose chase

как гром среди ясного неба
like a bolt from the blue

кривить душой
to pretend

кот в мешке
a pig in a poke

как сыр в масле
living in clover

легок на помине
to speak of the devil (angel — positive)

лезть в бутылку
to fly off the handle

лезть из кожи вон
to go out of one's way; bend over backwards

ложка дегтя в бочке меда
a fly in the ointment

мартышкин труд
futile work; monkey business

медвежья услуга
to render someone a disservice

между двух огней (молотом и наковальней; Сциллой и Харибдой)
between the devil and the deep

blue sea / between Scylla and Charybdis /sılə, kə'rıbdıs/

молочные реки, кисельные берега
land of milk and honey

на худой конец
if worst comes to worst

не лыком шиты
not born yesterday

не в службу, а в дружбу
to do a favor, as a friend

не поминай лихом
don't think ill of someone

не откладывать в долгий ящик
not to put off indefinitely

нечего греха таить
it's no secret

ни к селу, ни к городу
neither here nor there

несолоно хлебавши
empty-handed

непочатый край
open field for work; a great deal to do

носиться, как с писаной торбой
to care for as for the apple of one's eye

остаться с носом
to be left holding the bag

очки втирать
(очковтирательство)
to pull the wool over someone's eyes; window dressing

(ему) палец в рот не клади
he can take care of himself

печь как блины
to churn out; crank out

перековать мечи на орала
to beat swords into plowshares

после дождичка в четверг (когда рак свистнет)
when pigs fly

переливать из пустого в порожнее
to engage in a futile exercise

принимать за чистую монету
to take at face value

разводить руками
to give up

разбитое корыто
left with the ruins

рыльце в пуху
guilt is evident

родиться в сорочке
born with a silver spoon

рубить сплеча
to act rashly, straightforwardly; not mince words

с грехом пополам
with great difficulty

с пятого на десятое
randomly; inconsistently

семь пятниц на неделе
confused

сесть в лужу
to get into a mess; have egg on one's face

сказка про белого бычка
one and the same thing, repetition of something

с корабля на бал
to dash/rush from one place to another

с чьей-то легкой руки
thanks to someone's ability

как собака на сене
like a dog in a manger

где собака зарыта
that's the crux, there's the rub

собаку съел
to know inside out

с жиру беситься
to act out of boredom/ to have nothing better to do

стреляный воробей, тертый калач
old salt; experienced old hand

смотреть сквозь пальцы на
to turn a blind eye to; wink at

сыр-бор разгорелся
much ado about nothing

то и дело
now and again

тянуть лямку
to toil away

точить лясы
to babble

тришкин кафтан
patchwork

ум за разум заходит
at a loss; at wits' end

филькина грамота
Greek to me; worthless piece of paper

чужими руками жар загребать
someone else does the dirty work

этот номер не
that won't cut any ice

— Приведите список наиболее

— Приведите список наиболее часто употребляемых об разных русских поговорок и пословиц, особенно сложных и коварных для устного перевода — The Most "Dangerous" Russian Proverbs List.

Отвечает Лини Виссон, профессор американских университетов, переводчик ООН, автор ряда книг и пособий на английском и русском языках.

Баба с воза — кобыле легче
One less problem

От добра добра не ищут
Leave well enough alone

Лучшее — враг хорошего
More is less

Овчинка выделки не стоит
(игра не стоит свеч)
The game isn't worth the candle

Пан или пропал
All or nothing

Без меня меня женили
I wasn't asked about that

Быть бычку на веревочке
Bear responsibility for one's deeds

Береженого Бог бережет
The Lord helps those who help themselves

В огороде бузина, а в Киеве дядька/

Я про Фому, а ты про Ерему
Apples and oranges

В тихом омуте черти водятся
Still waters run deep

Волков бояться — в лес не ходить
It takes courage to start

Голь на выдумки хитра
Necessity is the mother of invention

Где тонко — там и рвется
A chain is only as strong as its weakest link

Горбатого могила исправит
The leopard cannot change his spots

До свадьбы заживет
He'll manage

Долг платежом красен
One good turn deserves another

Дружба дружбой, а служба службой
Friendship is one thing, work another

Дуракам закон не писан
There is no law for fools

За битого двух небитых дают
Experience is worth it

За здорово живешь
For nothing

И на старуху бывает проруха
Everyone makes mistakes

Из грязи в князи
From rags to riches

Как аукнется — так и откликнется
People react in kind to the way they are treated/get what they deserve

Кашу маслом не испортишь
You can't spoil a good thing/ You can't have too much of a good thing

Клин клином вышибают
Fight fire with fire/

One nail drives out another

Лиха беда начало
The first step is the hardest

На безрыбье и рак — рыба
Something is better than nothing

На воре шапка горит
A guilty mind betrays itself

Наводить тень на плетень
To confuse, mess up an issue

Назвался груздем — полезай в кузов
If you undertook something, do it/ see it through

Наступить на грабли
Been there, done that

Нашла коса на камень
To meet one's match

Не было у бабы хлопот, так купила баба порося
To ask for trouble

Не плюй в колодец — пригодится воды напиться
Actions can boomerang

Не пойман — не вор
Innocent till proven guilty

Одна ласточка весны не делает
One swallow doesn't make a summer

Раз на раз не приходится
You can't expect perfection every time

Первый блин комом
Things don't work the first time

Поживем — увидим
Wait and see

После драки кулаками не машут
What's done is done

Рука руку моет
Scratch my back and I'll scratch yours / One hand washes the other

Рыбак рыбака видит издалека
Birds of a feather flock together

Свет клином не сошелся
There are other possibilities - that's not all there is to it

С волками жить — по-волчьи выть
Run with the pack

Своя рубашка к телу ближе
Everyone is out for himself

Семь раз отмерь, один — отрежь
Look before you leap

Со всеми потрохами
Lock, stock and barrel

Соловья баснями не кормят
Talk is cheap — time to eat

Снявши голову, по волосам не плачут
Big things count, not little ones

С паршивой овцы хоть шерсти клок
Everything is good for something

Тише едешь — дальше будешь
Slow and steady wins the race

Утро вечера мудренее
Sleep on it

Хрен редьки не слаще
One is just as bad as the other

Цыплят по осени считают
Don't count your chickens before they are hatched

Дальше в лес — больше дров
The deeper one gets into something, the more involved it becomes

Лес рубят — щепки летят
You can't make an omelet without breaking eggs

Чем черт не шутит
Seriously

Человек человеку — волк
Dog eats dog

Чья бы корова мычала, а твоя молчала
The pot shouldn't call the kettle black

Шила в мешке не утаишь
You can't hide the obvious

В Тулу со своим самоваром не ездят
Don't carry coals to Newcastle

Комментарий
Обратите внимание, что во многих случаях образность теряется или сильно меняется. Иногда фразеологизмы переводятся описательно, так как английских аналогов нет. В процессе УП главное не теряться, а передать смысл, хотя бы в «первом приближении». Опытные синхронисты советуют в самых сложных случаях сказать что-то вроде: "We have a special proverb in our country for that" (L.Visson "From Russian into English"[2], p.147.)

медвежья услуга оказать

медвежья услуга
оказать медвежью услугу
do a disservice to sb
disservice {dɪsˈsɜːvɪs} an ill turn; ill service; wrong; injury, esp when trying to help; an act intended to help that turns out badly;

"he did them a disservice"

Advocates of the new, pared-down curriculum laud it because it does away with such “irrelevant” subjects as cursive writing. The ability to write longhand is seen as unnecessary, because students in this Brave New World of computers only need know how to type out commands on a computer keyboard.

Such a pinched and short-sighted perspective does a serious disservice to our children. This view reflects a completely wrong-headed notion that education is nothing more than a mechanism to equip children with only those tools deemed “relevant” for the challenge(s) of the day. In fact, the purpose of education is not to teach only that which is “relevant” today, but rather to discipline the young person’s mind and teach students to think beyond that which may confront them today. In its most fundamental sense, the purpose of education is to equip students to be able to think and analyze problems that will confront them in the future and in varied — often then-unknown — circumstances; not simply those things that confront them at the time they are in school.

щипать, щипаться , ущипнуть
pinch sb/sth/yourself
to take a piece of someone's skin between your thumb and first finger and squeeze hard, especially to hurt the person

....My sister's always pinching me and it really hurts. (Ox)
He pinched the baby's cheek playfully.
(figurative)She had to pinch herself to make sure she was not dreaming.

прийти в голову (о (новой, неожиданной, интересной) мысли, идее)
occur to sb
strike sb

....Sick of traipsing up and down Britain in a clapped-out van to play to a handful of people at a time, Thom hit on the novel idea of performing her gigs at home and broadcasting them on the Internet.

I have never given this any thought. — Мне это никогда в голову не приходило (=никогда об этом не задумывался).

work through (to progress through something complicated) -- продираться с трудом

.....I spent hours working my way through the tax forms. (thefreedictionary.com)
.....I worked through the forms very slowly. (thefreedictionary.com)

ПОД ОРЕХ coll [VP; subj:

ПОД ОРЕХ coll
[VP; subj: human; usu. pfv]
=====
1. разделать под орех кого to scold s.o. severely, criticize s.o. mercilessly:
- X разделал Y-а под орех{{}}≈ X gave it to Y hot (but good);
- X gave Y a going-over (a good dressing-down);
- X cut (picked) Y to pieces;
- X let Y have it (with both barrels).
♦ Дело разбиралось в клубе, на собрании городской комсомольской ячейки. Я отлично помню Лёву на трибуне - разделал несчастного Зяму под орех (Рыбаков 1). The case was dealt with at the club at a meeting of the town Komsomol cell. I can remember Lyova on the platform perfectly, as he gave the wretched Zyama a going-over... (1a).
2. разделать под орех кого-что [obj: usu. pl or collect]
⇒ to defeat (the enemy, an athletic team, a competitor etc) overwhelmingly:
- X-ы разделали Y-ов под орех{{}}≈ Xs crushed (routed, creamed, licked) Ys;
- Xs made mincemeat out of Ys;
- Xs wiped (mopped) (up) the floor with Ys.
3. разделать под орех что to do sth. thoroughly, well:
- X разделал Y под орех{{}}≈ X did a splendid (fine, crackerjack) job (with (on) Y).

Большой русско-английский фразеологический словарь. — М.: ACT-ПРЕСС КНИГА. С.И. Лубенская. 2004.
a>

<.......> boost To assist in

<.......>
boost
To assist in further development or progress:
a bill intended to boost local charities.
3. To stir up enthusiasm for; promote vigorously:
boosted their school with rallies and fund drives.
to encourage, assist, or improve
to boost morale (Collins)
2. boost - give a boost to; be beneficial to;
"The tax cut will boost the economy"
increase - make bigger or more;
"The boss finally increased her salary";
"The university increased the number of students it admitted"
3. boost - contribute to the progress or growth of;
"I am promoting the use of computers in the classroom"
encourage, promote, further, advance
connive at, wink at - give one's silent approval to
foster, further - promote the growth of; "Foster our children's well-being and education"
spur - incite or stimulate; "The Academy was formed to spur research"
help - contribute to the furtherance of; "This money will help the development of literacy in developing countries"
carry - take further or advance; "carry a cause"
feed - support or promote; "His admiration fed her vanity"
conduce, contribute, lead - be conducive to;
"The use of computers in the classroom lead to better writing"
back up, support - give moral or psychological support, aid, or courage to;
"She supported him during the illness";
"Her children always backed her up"

to help something to increase, improve, or become more successful

Their share price climbed again today, boosted by rising sales.

a drug that boosts serotonin levels in the body

an attempt to boost the minister's popularity
Thesaurus entry for this meaning of boost
2
to make someone feel more positive or more confident
boost morale/confidence:

The change of management has boosted morale throughout the company.
Thesaurus entry for this meaning of boost
3
to try to make people want to buy a product, visit a place etc, by talking about it publicly in a very positive way
Thesaurus entry for this meaning of boost
4
boost
or
boost up
to lift someone up, so that they can reach something that is high up

an action or event that helps something to increase, improve, or become more successful

The festival has been a major boost for the local economy.
Thesaurus entry for this meaning of boost
a.
an increase in the amount of something
boost in:

They are calling for a boost in the minimum wage.
Thesaurus entry for this meaning of boost
2
something that helps you to feel more positive or more confident
give someone a boost:

Getting the job gave him a terrific boost.
boost for:
Victory tomorrow would be a much-needed boost for the national team.

phrase
give someone a boost (up)
to lift someone up, so that they can reach something that is high up

boost
transitive
LDOCE
1 to increase or improve something and make it more successful:
The new resort area has boosted tourism.
boost somebody's confidence/morale/ego
..... The win boosted the team's confidence.
2 also boost up to help someone reach a higher place by lifting or pushing them:
.....He boosted her up.
3 if a rocket or motor boosts a spacecraft, it makes it go up into space or go in a particular direction
4 American English informal to steal something

boost
1 sg something that gives someone more confidence, or that helps something increase, improve, or become successful
boost to
..... a major boost to the economy
boost for
.....a multi-million pound boost for the British film industry
..... Add a little more vanilla, to give the flavor a boost.
get/receive a boost
..... The community will get a boost from a new library and recreation center.
morale/ego boost
.....The poll provided a morale boost for the Conservatives.
2
give somebody a boost (up)
to lift someone so that they can reach a higher place:
..... If I give you a boost, could you reach the window?
3 {uncountable} an increase in the amount of power available to a rocket, piece of electrical equipment etc

телефонное закончились деньги

телефонное
закончились деньги на телеоне
пополнить счет
проч.
be/run out of minutes
i'm out of minutes
my phone ran out of minutes

пополнить счет
http://forum.wordreference.com/showthread.php?t=1255305&langid=18
http://www.efl.ru/forum/threads/73695/
Вот так часто говорят носители в Великобритании:
Нет денег на телефоне, не пополнишь мой счет? = Have no money on my phone, could you top up my account please?

grace n гра́ция; (REL)

grace n гра́ция; (REL) моли́тва (пе́ред едо́й)
vt (honour) удоста́ивать (удосто́ить perf) (adorn) украша́ть (укра́сить*perf)
5 days' grace 5 дней отсро́чки
with (a) good grace любе́зно, с досто́инством
with (a) bad grace нелюбе́зно, без досто́инства

to say grace моли́ться*(помоли́ться*perf) пе́ред едо́й

take one's foot off the gas.
step off the gas
shut off the gas
-- расслабляться, ...
(to slow down / ease off (reference to the accelerator pedal in a car; "gas" = gasoline = petrol).

...Shut off the gas when you leave for a vacation.
...Children have extremely long holidays when they should be stepping off the gas but when they are at school they should work.
...Despite the 100 million iPads Apple sold in just 2.5 years, Apple CEO Tim Cook said, “we’re not taking our foot off the gas.”

Opp.
step on the gas (to increase one's speed; hurry)

rule of thumb (a method or

rule of thumb (a method or procedure derived entirely from practice or experience, without any basis in scientific knowledge; a roughly practical method; also, a particular stated rule that is based on practice or experience; a useful principle or a general rule which is good to follow ) — повседневное правило (основанное на опыте, а не на научных знаниях); практический способ; житейские соображения; ||≈ приближённый подсчет; кустарный, доморощенный способ; на глазок

{of persons} working only by methods derived from practice)
Hence rule-of-'thumbite (a person who works by rule of thumb) — работающий кустарным способом, на глазок

by rule of thumb — эмпирически; приближенно; на глазок; опытным путём; ~ по старинке

as a rule of thumb ≅ практика показывает, что (нужно, полезно, лучше, др.)...

Example 1: When cooking fish, a good rule of thumb is 10 minutes in the oven for each inch of thickness. (eslmania.com)

Example 2: As a rule of thumb, plant carrot seeds two inches deep. (native-english.com)

Example 2: Ted, as a rule of thumb, you should always plan to study for your chemistry tests for at least two hours.(eslmania.com)

Example 3: I never weigh anything when I'm cooking — I just do it by rule of thumb. (ALD) — Я никогда не отмеряю продукты, когда готовлю. Обычно кладу все по вкусу.

Example 4: The general rule of thumb is that one portion size is about the size of your fist. Use this as your guide to determine how much you should eat at your local restaurant. (How to Avoid Overeating when Dining Out)

A rule of thumb is not exactly a rule, it is more like a good idea.

Example:I don't invite people to my home unless I know them well, as a rule of thumb.

You don't have to follow a rule of thumb because it is just a good suggestion:

"Do you always have to use white paint?" Reply: "No, that's just a rule of thumb. You can use whatever color you like."

If you have a better idea then you can do it your own way but it usually safe to follow a rule of thumb because it has worked well for other people. (goenglish.com)

saving grace (one thing that

saving grace (one thing that keeps a situation from becoming negative; a good quality that makes you like something or someone although you do not like anything else about themж; a redeeming quality, especially one that compensates for one's shortcomings;the one good thing that makes someone or something acceptable; the one thing that saves or redeems someone or something that would otherwise be a total disaster) — спасительная сила (чего-либо), спасение; то, что спасает; положительное качество, перевешивающее или искупающее недостатки; то, что компенсирует недостатки; благодать
Cliché
A saving grace is a good quality or feature in a person or thing that prevents them from being completely bad or worthless.
...His sense of humour is his saving grace. — Его́ спаса́ет чу́вство ю́мора.
...His sense of humour was his only saving grace. (LDOCE)
the saving grace of humour — спасительная сила юмора
... The scintillating conversation was the saving grace of a bad and overpriced meal. (American Heritage Dictionary)
...She is not very attractive but her intelligence and wit are her saving grace. —
...It's a small cinema and the seats are uncomfortable, but the saving grace is that people aren't allowed to eat during the film. (thefreedictionary.com)
...Her saving grace is that she has a lot of money. (thefreedictionary.com)
...The saving grace for the whole evening was the good music played by the band. (thefreedictionary.com)

I have been going to this restaurant for over 25 years, it has fond memories of family events but that is the last time. No wonder it was empty at lunchtime on a Saturday. The only saving grace was a lovely waitress that offered my grandson a balloon, I think she was foreign, thank you for that.

From e-baby
“I can’t believe I have an English exam tomorrow. My one saving grace is that I read the book in high school.”
“He’s so annoying, but his saving grace is that he has a really nice car.”
“My job is so boring. The only saving grace is that I get eight weeks of vacation each year.”
She felt as if she would like to be agreeable to this young man, and also there came with it, or perhaps preceded it, the slightest shade of a feeling that he was better educated than she was - that his mind was better. He seemed to look it, and the saving grace in Carrie was that she could understand that people could be wiser. (Th. Dreiser, Sister Carrie, ch. XXXII) — Ей почему-то захотелось понравиться молодому человеку, - этому предшествовало смутное сознание, что он намного образованнее ее и, наверное, умнее. Керри, надо отдать ей должное, понимала, что люди могут быть умнее ее.
There was always in me the saving grace of doubt or self-mistrust. (Th. Dreiser, A Book about Myself, ch. XXXI) — При всех моих недостатках мне была свойственна одна спасительная черта: полное отсутствие самоуверенности.
Например: Was she ever out of temper? She can begin to be, but she always goes on to something else before she's finished. What saving grace! (J. Galsworthy, Flowering Wilderness, ch. II) — - Интересно, тетя сердилась когда-нибудь? - Иной раз рассердится, да тут же и позабудет из-за чего. Тучи и рассеются. - Вот благодать-то!
Collins Russian Dictionary 2nd Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2000, 1997:

общаться be sociable enjoy

общаться

be sociable
enjoy being sociable
social situations -- общение (ситуации общения)

........I was (for me) unusually sociable today. I always find it a bit difficult, and am on edge even when enjoying myself.

.....Although I enjoy being sociable, I too find it exhausting. I get anxious if we are having visitors and if I'm out I feel I have to 'perform'. I find social situations very stressful.

socialise (with sb)

........Everything makes me feel tired. Socialising definitely. Usually I'm drinking when I am socialising, so that doesn't help!

........Curiously impromptu socializing is great, long planned events are awful and the come down after for me is massive.

........For me it depends who I am socialising with. Most of my friends I love being around and I come away feeling so much happier and energised when I've been with them. I also have friends and family that I meet with and feel exhausted afterwards. I think its because with them I feel the need to entertain and put on a show.

be a good communicator (with sb) - уметь общаться

..... Communication skills are very important for junior coaches, but not everyone is a naturally good communicator with children.

https://www.google.ru/search?q=find+socialising+tiring&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8...

<<.........>> ---------------

<<.........>>

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What are the top three reasons for school uniforms?
1. Students will not judge each other based on clothing and will develop friendships with people they otherwise wouldn't talk to.
2. Saves money.
3. Students always look presentable, are comfortable, and have increased confidence because they know they aren't being judged by uniforms.
I have been wearing uniforms for the past 12 years and they are great! It's a no-brainer when I have to get dressed for school. I don't have to worry about what I'm wearing everyday. I couldn't imagine not wearing uniforms!
-------------------

Do you think school uniforms should be mandatory in public schools?
Kids are always being bullied about what they wear to school. Would having school uniforms improve the problems? I would like to hear other people's reactions and thoughts toward school uniforms in public schools.
What the Expert Says:
Some bullying stems from who is wearing the coolest designer clothes and who isn't, unfortunately that isn't the only reason kids harass each other. If it were, then school uniforms would be the solution. At schools where there is a mandatory school uniform, you will also find all the rest of the "social garbage" that we call peer abuse.

Will it help the problem? Yes. Will it completely eliminate it? Absolutely not. Kids harass other kids for more reasons than just clothing. I personally would not mind a public school with a uniform dress code.

MissCook writes:
Well, school uniforms may help but I feel like if kids aren't being bullied because of what they wear they'll be bullied because of something else. It's a bit of a catch 22. I wish I could solve this bullying problem but I'm only one person. Awareness is key I believe so if we keep talking about it and teach kids how to respect each other then hopefully we can decrease bullying.

JennyParadise writes:

All in all, I think that uniforms really put kids on a level playing field. If everyone is wearing white collared tops and blue slacks, it's a lot harder to tell who paid $5 for their shirt, and who paid $75. Coming from an urban area with a lot of wealth discrepancy, I appreciated that the school staff took steps to try to make all students feel equal.

As said before, there will always be the popular kids and the outcasts -- but taking clothes out of the equation means one less thing for kids to feel like outsiders about. Plus, it made shopping for school clothes and getting ready in the morning that much easier!

moniabegum writes:
No because sometimes school bullies pick on the children wearing uniforms. Some uniforms are very big and do not fit. By the way school uniforms suck!!
----
KenyaB08 writes:
My son goes to a public school where they wear uniforms in my opinion it doesn't make a difference b/c kids are just gonna be kids and pick and laugh anyway. Some Kids are just plain mean. Kids should wear what they want we just have to teach our kids to love themselves and be confident and don't worry about what others think of you. Tell them they're beautiful everyday

DCSF strongly encourages schools to have a uniform as it can
-- instil pride;
(provide a sense of school pride and can serve as a status symbol)
-- support positive behaviour and discipline;
-- encourage identity with, and support for, school ethos;
-- ensure pupils of all races and backgrounds feel welcome;
-- protect children from social pressures to dress in a particular way; and
-- nurture cohesion and promote good relations between different groups of pupils.
Above all, many schools believe that school uniform supports effective teaching and learning.

and the decisions taken in weighing up competing points of view. The school might decide that the needs of individual groups are outweighed by factors such as:

--------- teaching and learning: if a pupil’s face is obscured for any reason, the teacher may not be able to judge their engagement with learning, and to secure their participation in discussions and practical activities;

--------- promoting a strong, cohesive, school identity that supports high standards and a sense of identity among pupils: if some children look very different to their peers, this can inhibit integration, equality and cohesion;

--------- the need to promote harmony between different groups represented in the school;
Link
kat_eden , Parent writes:
My kids have previously attended private schools (with uniforms) and public schools with uniforms. They currently attend a public schools without uniforms.

There are a number of advantages to wearing a school uniform:
Uniform is a great equaliser and shows no child to be at a disadvantage / advantage.

There is no argument about which set of clothes to wear for school.

Children who begin wearing uniform from their Early Years at school will usually accept the routine without question.

Children are asked to bring in a spare pair of pumps or trainers to change into if the weather has been bad so that they can move around school in dry comfortable footwear.
--------------------
Pupils may experience bullying as a result of their protective characteristic. Bullying is known to affect academic performance and increase the likelihood of pupils dropping out of education . To address this issue, ...
the aim of the treatment is to remove or minimise the disadvantage encountered by 'A' such as bullying behaviour,...

Debate
http://www.debate.org/debates/Is-school-uniform-more-beneficial-for-stud...

Should Kids Be Required to Wear School Uniforms?
http://www.thewhatblog.com/2013/02/21/should-kids-be-required-to-wear-sc...

-------
Rough Draft of You Final Paper.
School: fashion show or uniformed conduct?
The day is off to its start. Children are going wild about how they look, contemplating what valuable possession to bring and what they will wear. This is reason for schools to implement a policy on school uniforms. Statistics show that students who wear uniforms make better grades, the male students are not as distracted by what the female students are (or are not) wearing. With schools of today students become bullied, singled out, shunned, or even experience violent acts. Schools choose to endorse uniforms because such is necessary in larger schools to limit violence over clothing and theft over possessions. ... Contrary to these thoughts the use of school uniforms has been proven to lower hostility in schools.

It is also said that school uniforms increase esprit de corps (pride in school). Furthermore, whereas some students feel as though he or she, are derived of freedom by enforcing uniforms, a school is not to be viewed as a fashion show. As a student they are in school to become educated and learn new materials and information not focusing on fashion. If a student cares less about what others think and become focused more on learning he or she would be much more productive. School uniforms symbolize substantial changes to how students behave with reduced tardiness, skipped classes, suspensions, and discipline referrals.

This is quite similar to working in the military where one must be sharp in uniform and have a code of ethics, values, and morale. ...The use of school uniforms eliminates any embarrassing fashion foe paws for children who most clearly have no taste on how to... [continues]

=============

Since its inception, The Ambrose School has been committed to the use of uniforms for its students. This policy has four fundamental benefits.

First, uniforms prevent the application of subjective standards of dress in the classroom. Parents, students, and teachers know that the uniform meets the School’s standards of modesty. Uniforms allow our board and staff to focus on academic concerns.

Second, uniforms are a positive influence in the school. The Ambrose School places particular value on a structured learning environment. A child learns that when he is wearing The Ambrose School uniform, he will be engaging in studious activity. Teachers have noted the advantage of uniforms in the instructional setting. This academic environment makes it easier for the School to complete its primary task – the education of children.

Third, uniforms encourage esprit de corp, where individuality is sacrificed for the good of the group. This removes the potential distraction of what clothing other students are wearing. This also sets our group of students apart from other schools, encouraging each student to operate as a part of a unified body.
--------------------------
---------------------
Why should schools force the School uniform onto the parents and students is it just that they are greedy?
Answer:
There are a number of reasons for schools to require uniforms. None of them has anything to do with greed.

===============
Benefits of School Uniforms
Various issues like improper discipline in a child, peer pressure and poor study performance can be put to rest if children are made to follow a strict uniform code. Let's plunge deep and discover the benefits of school uniforms, through this article.
I recall George Carlin, comedian and scathing social commentator, voicing his disapproval of school uniforms. He quoted saying, "Isn't it enough, they want us to think alike, he said, now they want us to look alike too?". Anyway, I thought he had a valid point. I still think he does.

Children are sent to school to learn new skills that are necessary in order to ensure a bright future for them. A school is like their second home where they are thoroughly disciplined throughout their learning years and they come out as bright and responsible individuals. So the first step in this direction, is by wearing a school uniform, that will put to rest any issues regarding discipline, influence by peers, violence among children, and will instead shape them to be creditworthy and concentrate entirely on studies.

On the flip side, many parents have expressed concerns about:
Having religious dress codes foisted on their non-religious or different-religion children
Not having their religious dress codes followed or respected enough
Trying to get their children to make a political or moral statement
Expenses involved in purchasing the required uniform and accessories

On the other hand, though, there are some definite advantages of wearing school uniforms as well. (go to PROs)

Stemmers Run Middle
201 Stemmers Run Road
Baltimore, MD 21221
“Achieving Excellence In Education”
Stemmers Run Middle is strongly entertaining the possibility of adopting a uniform policy for the upcoming 2013-2014 school year. We would like to involve our stakeholders in part of the decision making.
Listed below, are several reasons why we believe Stemmers Run Middle School and the community will would benefit from this school-wide policy.
• School uniforms spare kids and their parents of the time-consuming, troublesome ordeal of picking out a set of clothes every day. During the rushed morning hours before school, picking out the right set of clothes can take up a lot of time. Many kids would be happy to be rid of the hassle, and they can save their 'good' stuff for outings and weekends.
• Among the reasons why school uniforms are a good idea, the most strongly stated one is that they promote equality. Distinctions made on the basis of economic status are reduced. With everyone dressed alike, there is a hope that kids will judge others based on character instead of the clothes they wear.
•••••• Wearing the same type of dress reduces social snobbery and peer pressure in educational institutions. It is also supposed to reduce incidents of bullying and theft. How do you pick on someone for wearing the same dress as yourself? Why would you steal a pair of shoes you both have and can afford? Thus there are fewer arguments, and following a dress code plays more of a balancing act.

• While bullying may not stop completely, use of uniform at least prevents students who aren't dressed fashionably or according to the latest trends, from getting picked on for their choice of clothes.

• It prepares children for working life where they often need to wear uniforms or at the least dress conservatively or follow a dress code. Also, the purpose of attending school is to learn, and anything (such as clothes) that take away from that goal, needs to be discouraged.
••••••• A school uniform apparently also saves students from putting their fashion tastes before their learning requirements. When they don't have to spend time wondering what to wear and how to make a fashion statement, they can devote more time to getting educated. This in turn, lifts their academic performance.

• Casual dressing leaves school administrators with the complex task of setting a dress code as well as monitoring students' apparel. They need to check inappropriate clothing such as strapless, halter, and midriff baring tops and too-short skirts and shorts. They also need to keep an eye out for inappropriate insignia on the clothes (for example, slogans for alcohol and cigarettes and clothing with vulgar language or representing otherwise objectionable connections, such as gang membership). It may be easier to have a uniform than to detail and enforce independently chosen clothing.

•••••• A school uniform also saves the school administrators from having to 'police' what the students wear. There are no daily battles regarding what's appropriate to wear or not for school.

• A school uniform can instill a sense of discipline and community feeling. This naturally reduces incidents of violence. Students can come to school without worrying about personal safety. Teachers don't have to double as guards, and can concentrate on teaching.

• By wearing a uniform dress code, students can find other means to showcase their creativeness.

So, to sum it up, by wearing uniforms, students appear to belong to a single community, they require less time to spend on deciding what to wear and it prevents wrong conduct, thus inculcating discipline in them. Hence, wearing school uniforms seems to be a pretty convincing and stimulating strategy.
------------

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • (Compiled from multiple sources)
Reasons For and Against School Uniforms
• • • • • Educators, parents, and students site many reasons in favor of school uniforms:
• School administrators face a complicated task setting a dress code: with inappropriate coverage (for example, strapless, halter, and midriff tops and too-short skirts and shorts) and inappropriate insignia (for example, slogans for alcohol and cigarettes and clothing with vulgar language or representing otherwise objectionable connections, such as gang membership), it may be easier to have a uniform than to detail and enforce independently chosen clothing.

• Wearing of school uniforms prevents the formation of dress-identified cliques

• Crimes involving stealing items of apparel are unlikely to be perpetrated if everyone’s apparel is identical.
• Because students can be easily identified, intruders in the school setting can be more readily identified and students on field trips are more easily accounted for.
• The wearing of school uniforms helps students to realize that a person’s unique gifts and personality traits go deeper than their apparel and aren’t diminished by uniform dress.

• • • • • Other educators, parents, and students are opposed to school uniforms and give reasons like the following:

• Uniforms are an unnecessary exertion of power by administrators who don’t know how to exercise responsible authority.
<<<• The wearing of uniforms does not prevent the formation of cliques or gangs.>>>
• The wearing of uniforms does not prevent students from expressing unpopular or inappropriate views in other ways.
• School uniforms can be ugly and/or unflattering, and having to wear something unattractive or unflattering is not good for students’ self-image.
• The wearing of uniforms my delay or prevent students from having to learn how to get alongside of people whose personal taste differs markedly from their own and which they may find unappealing.
• The wearing of school uniforms may give students the impression that conformity is the way to prevent conflict, and this is not an appropriate message for schools to send.

Schools with Uniforms
While school uniforms are typically found in private schools, it may have only been in 1987 that the first public school - Cherry Hill Elementary in Baltimore, MD - instituted a school uniform policy. Here are some statistics about the use of school uniforms.
============
midriff -- {US} a woman's garment which exposes the midriff
"clothing that reveals the midriff"
----------------
the movement toward uniforms in public schools has spread to about a quarter of all elementary schools.

<<.........>> entertain verb

<<.........>>
entertain verb [T not continuous] (THINK ABOUT)
› to hold something in your mind or to be willing to consider or accept something:
..........The General refused to entertain the possibility of defeat.
(CALD)
..........'You can't even entertain the possibility that they might be right.' (=You can't think for a second that they might be right.)

..........It’s time to entertain the possibility that President Obama is a right-wing extremist. After all, look at where he’s taking the country over his second term.

stinking thinking (a bad way of thinking, that makes you believe you will fail, that bad things will happen to you, or that you are not a very good person)

> > > > > > > Home > School and Academics > Types of Schools > Private School School Uniforms

By Hannah Boyd
To require uniforms or not to require uniforms: that is the question many school districts are facing these days. Students in many cities are wearing uniforms to school, and parents across the country are facing off over proposals to institute uniform policies. All this fuss over khaki pants and a white shirt?

While private and parochial schools have long required students to follow a dress code or wear uniforms, public schools have traditionally allowed students to wear what they (and their parents) like. Pro-uniform parents say that only worked because schools used to be safer. Now that kids are getting mugged for their designer clothes and expensive sneakers, school uniforms seem a safer alternative to many. Furthermore, U make it easier for security guards to spot intruders.

Of course, the lack of a dress code isn’t an issue only in high-crime areas. Middle-class students report peer pressure to buy expensive clothing, cliquish behavior exacerbated by differences in what students can afford, and kids wearing inappropriately sexualized clothing that isn’t conducive to studying. Rachel Berman, who graduated from a private high school that required uniforms, says, “the uniforms contributed to a more sedate, professional feel that I think made it easier to focus on school.”

On the flip side, opponents believe uniforms squash creativity and free expression and worry that they could prevent students from expressing their religious or political beliefs. (In fact, the law requires that religious garb like yarmulkes and head scarves cannot be prohibited, and expressive gear like political buttons is allowed unless it interferes with the rights of others, as with gang insignia.) Many schools have an “opt-out” clause for students who choose not to wear the uniform, and most provide free uniforms to those who cannot afford them.

“My two children attend a school with a lower school uniform and I love it,” says Marcia Turner. “Having a specific set of clothes the kids must choose from makes outfit selection a no-brainer. No more fights or discussions about what to wear since that decision has virtually been made for them.”

“You’ll have the popular girls and the nerdier girls with or without the uniforms,” says Daisy Kong, who graduated from a parochial school that required uniforms. Nonetheless, she adds that, “there were days in college where I actually found myself missing my uniform because I didn’t know what to wear and would spend 30-40 minutes shuffling through my closet.”

============ Parents argue that school uniforms can prevent bullying in campus areas and helps students not to be judged. Bullying or Individuality? Bar graph Preferences Schools want uniforms because they assume children will be distracted from their learning and lose focus because of their attire. Arguments and Questions This pie chart shows that teens aren't bullied most of the time because of their attire. Pie Chart Individuality can be taken away from Students by having school uniforms enforced on them. By wearing the same thing as everyone else, there won't be anyone standing out and won't have their own individuality. By allowing students to wear their own clothing, it enhances creativity to their mind and gives them an opportunity to make their own style. However, what if some parents aren't able to afford the uniforms for their child? How would they feel?

How would you feel if you were a parent, who's unable to buy their own child a school uniform. How would teenagers, whom hit the age to want to dress up and look nice, feel if they're forced to dress in the attire that the school requires them to wear?
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inculcate
Instill (an attitude, idea, or habit) by persistent instruction.
Teach (someone) an attitude, idea, or habit by such instruction: "they will try to inculcate you with a respect for culture".

Synonyms
implant - instill - instil - impress - infuse

Voc the effect on academic

Voc
the effect on academic achievement/ academic performance / academics -- влияние на успеваемость
• At a very young age, school uniformsinstill the spirit of teamwork and one feels proud to be a part of a school, if he/she represents the school for any occasion.
• The wearing of school uniforms emphasizes membership and group identity, fostering a community spirit.

esprit de corps (eˏspri:dəˊkɔ:)фр. n ка́стовость; сосло́вный, корпорати́вный дух. честь мундира .
build/create/encourage/develop (an) esprit de corps

...School uniforms help build esprit de corps.
...School uniforms also create an esprit de corps, a positive feeling of student belonging.
...Uniforms encourage esprit de corp, where individuality is sacrificed for the good of the group.
...Uniforms create an environment of uniformity that helps develop esprit de corps among students.

ethos (the characteristic spirit of a culture, era, or community as manifested in its attitudes and aspirations)-- этос, нравственный облик, характер лица, характер явления
.......a challenge to the ethos of the 1960s (ox)

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School Uniforms: Esprit de Corps
Rosemary P. Ryan and Thomas B. Ryan
"I challenge all schools to teach character education: good values and good citizenship. And if it means teenagers will stop killing each other over designer jackets, then public schools should be able to require school uniforms,” asserted President Clinton in his 1996 State of the Union speech.

The concept of public schools requiring students to wear school uniforms is a very controversial topic in education, yet it is gaining popularity nationwide. School uniforms are a part of the solution to the growing problems with discipline and student conduct that America's schools are facing.

Due to a declining student interest in academics and learning, the achievement scores of America’s students are the lowest in history. School uniforms cut down on the distractions that keep students from learning in school. According to Barbara Sneed, a fifth grade teacher in Illinois, "Uniforms are a way of communicating expectations and that school is not goof-off time." Today, students are concerned about looking "cool", which makes learning second to gaining approval from their peers on their priority list. School uniforms take away the distraction of who is wearing the "coolest" item that day and refocuses students’ energy on the academics of the day.

Student self-esteem and confidence increases when they are wearing uniforms. Students not wearing the "in" clothes of that season (in a school without uniforms) are often made fun of and then feel inferior to their peers. When the pressure to wear something "cool” is removed from the school atmosphere, the students are then able to be more confident in themselves, something all students are able to benefit from. Even those students who are able to afford designer clothes learn to judge their peers by who they are versus if they are wearing the same Tommy I-Iillfiger label jeans as them. If the students are able to work in an environment that is healthy for their self-esteem, they will all benefit, both academically and socially.

Students with a high self—esteem perform better in the classroom. Those students who feel better about themselves and their performance in school will generally attend school with more regularity. In a span of two years after the implementation of uniforms, School District 168 noticed an overall 63% increase in attendance among those students with a record of excessive absenteeism. ...When the pressure to buy these items is taken away from the students, and their environment, they can focus once again on learning instead of having to decide between school and working. When students regularly attend school, they retain more information, thereby making them a more well-educated individual.

"Students tend to behave the way they are dressed,” commented Ronald Stephens, Director of the National School Safety Center. School uniforms also contribute to improved classroom behavior. In addition to the way they think others perceive them, clothing influences the way students perceive themselves. Uniforms give the students a positive stan- dard to live up to, once they know their teachers’ expectations of them. Teachers also admittedly have a tendency to treat students in uniforms with more respect than those in regular clothes. ”I really cannot explain it," Ellen Radcliffe, an Illinois elementary school principal attempted to explain, "but I just feel more respect for students in uniform. It's an illusion, actually, because they are the same student as they were the year before without a uniform, but there is definitely a noticeable change in the way the teachers treat their uniformed students." This "illusion" described by Ms. Radcliffe is due in part to the Hawthorne Effect. The Hawthorne Effect states that a group of people who are treated in a special way tend to behave differently, according to the way they are treated. Thus, if more is expected of students in uniform, the students are more likely to work harder to live up to the new, higher expectations.

School uniforms also create an esprit dc corps, a positive feeling of student belonging. In theory, when students are dressed similarly, the issue of trendy new clothing is set aside as the students form new friend- ships and discover what lies on the inside of their potential friend. "They [the uniforms] teach our young people one of life’s most important les- sons-—that what really counts is who you are and what you can become on the inside, not what you are wearing on the outside,” stated President Clinton in a radio address in 1996 from California.

.........>>> However, the United States Supreme Court has decided that students’ choice of dress can be regulated by school officials when what they are wearing violates school policies, even though the students have extended First Amendment protections. This ruling is unclear as to where to draw the line between the students’ First Amendment rights and the school's dress code policy and provides judges with room for many ways of interpreting it. Some courts have ruled in favor of the students; others have ruled in favor of the school officials. As long as judges have opposing viewpoints on this issue, there will never be a clear-cut answer to this dilemma.
Despite what anti uniform activists would like the public to believe, freedom of both political and religious expression are provided for within school uniform policies. Students are allowed to wear their own message, whether political or religious, provided it is in compliance with the school uniform policy. Students, protected under the Constitution of the United States, are allowed to wear religious messages as much as any other expressive message is allowed, including yarmulkes and head scarves. Neither religious nor political expression are hindered by school uniform policies. Students also cannot be forced to wear a message provided by the school.

Another argument against school uniforms is that uniforms are just a way for the administration to ”show some muscle” and thereby demonstrate its power over the students. Although this essay certainly cannot represent every school district, among the districts included in this essay, it can be concluded that by no means is a school uniform policy a way of preventing students from self—expression, but rather they are a proactive attempt to regulate students’ actions that are holding back the student body’s educational progress as a whole.
... It is true that social classes still exist, even when students are in uni- form. Why, though, strengthen the dividing lines between those classes by permitting students to show off their most expensive items in school? School is a learning environment, and has no place for negative social stratification. Uniforms only try to bridge the gap between social classes, through attempting to have everyone on the same common ground. "Uni- forms really level the playing field between the haves have the have- nots," observed Long Beach District spokesman Richard VanDerLaan.

The benefits of school uniforms far outweigh their short-term costs. >>>School uniforms not only keep students safe, but they also increase their self-esteem and promote a more positive attitude throughout the school>>>. “Uniforms are not a magic pill," claims thircl—grade teacher Iudy Jacobs, ”but any school will see payoffs. We have an entire generation of children who have grown up with no boundaries. Watch what happens when you provide a few."
Rosemary P. Ryan is an English major and secondary education minor at Illinois Wesleyan University in BloomingtonVillage, Illinois.

<.......> Collocations+ поеха

<.......>
Collocations+
поехать в отпуск куда-л, съездить в отпуск куда-л.

....... Many people take vacations to these national parks to enjoy all they have to offer.
If you’re thinking about moving to a new town, you might take a vacation there for a week to try it on for size and see if you like it.

not one's place (to do sth)
not the place of sb

(not appropriate, not the right thing for one to do)
it’s not really my place — это не мое дело (советовать, критиковать, предлагать что-л.); я не в праве (советовать, критиковать, предлагать что-л.);

.......Listen, I know it’s not really my place to say anything, but if you go out in that outfit people are going to laugh at you.
So, if someone wishes to freefall from a plane at 30,000 feet, then they should be free to do so and it should be accepted that it is not the place of the government to dictate how they lead their lives.

...... In these ways, so the player thinks, the coach is hurting team morale. But it is not her place to tell the coach his business, is it?

far be it from me (to do sth)
(it's not really my place to do something) — это не мое дело (советовать, критиковать, предлагать что-л.); я не в праве (советовать, критиковать, предлагать что-л.);
Something that you say when you are giving advice or criticizing someone and you want to seem polite
(Always followed by but, as in the examples.)

...... Far be it from me to tell you what to do, but I think you should buy the book. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of American Idioms and Phrasal Verbs)
...... Far be it from me to tell you what to do, but don't you think you should apologize? (Cambridge Idioms Dictionary)

Greta: Mason, why are you staring at me like that? It’s creepy.
Mason: I wasn’t staring.
Greta: You were staring.
Mason: Alright, I was staring. OK, maybe, I know it’s not really my place, but don’t you think you and Jeff are moving a little fast?

Mason: Is Jeff going to pretend to be a baby daddy, too? Is he going to try it on for size?
Greta: Oh my god, I hope not! That would be moving way too fast.

<.........> коробит ....I

<.........>
коробит

....I cringe whenever I hear it in English, so it would be a good idea to get out of the habit of saying it altogether.

much less тем более (добавить в статьи)

....Practicing on tests or test-like exercises is not how to learn even the mechanics of English, much less how to write like a writer.

<...........> Prepositions By

<...........>
Prepositions
By
By that/this/your/etc logic
By that logic basically means "thinking like this/thinking in this way"
e.g. If copying a DVD is stealing, then, by that logic, taking a photo of someone is kidnapping.
-------
with
-----------------
via
...I mostly listen to music via either an Ipod, or an Iphone.
...Some days, my laptop runs so slowly that I feel like it would be quicker to communicate via carrier pigeon than email.

gang violence ---------

gang violence
--------- protecting young people from external pressure to wear clothing they would not otherwise choose to adopt, protecting them from harassment, and from having to adopt dress codes associated with extreme or anti-social elements in the wider community, including styles and colours of clothing associated with gangs;

As a former uniform-sporting student at a public high school, I would have to say yes. Before my school instituted uniforms, there were a lot of issues with gang violence associated with what people wore, and mugging expensive items from wealthier kids.

Gang violence and interaction is becoming rampant in America's schools, as we can see in the gang members under the age of 16 who reside in Bloomington, and uniforms are currently part of a solution towipe-out gangs from our nation's schools. These gangs threaten student safety, a number one concern for district officials.

School uniforms remove some of the causes of gang activity, crime, and violence within schools. By preventing the wearing of gang colors and display of gang related paraphernalia, schools send a zero tolerance message to gangs that reside in their community that they will not be allowed influence in the school system.

In schools, gangs mainly communicate through sporting colors and other insignia. School uniforms help prevent gang communication on school grounds. "The uniforms help reaffirm the district's position that gang activity and gang paraphernalia will not be tolerated in our schools and our community," stated an Illinois Superintendent of Schools, Dr. Thomas E. Ryan

••••••• School uniforms cramp the style of gang members. They have to recognize each other by names and faces instead of flaunting aggressively painted jackets, T-shirts with obscene messages, clunky jewelry, and things like that. Instead of 'my gang' and 'your gang', they also have to think in terms of 'our school'. It's a hard life. On the brighter side, it helps them to live another day and go on to survive in college.

• The wearing of uniforms does not prevent the formation of cliques or gangs.

Vocab:
(help) prevent sb from sth
…..gang members from wearing
………… gang colors and insignia to school
………… styles and colours of clothing associated with gangs
(help) prevent sth
…..the wearing of gang colors and
………….display of gang related paraphernalia
….. gang communication on school grounds /within school
….. the formation of cliques or gangs

send a zero tolerance message to
a zero tolerance approach политика абсолютной нетерпимости

------
Rights
. . .
Does school uniform limit individuality?
The main argument that opponents to school uniform policies use is that the policies …
…encroach on/ interfere with / violate
………..students’/kids’/their (civil/personal) rights (for self-expression)
…prevent students from self-expression,
…take away students'
………..freedom of expression
………..ability to be creative and express themselves
…restrains a person’s freedom of expression and removes diversity;
…limit individuality

<.......> .......re-read this

<.......>
.......re-read this file numerous times to help integrate it into my memory.
.......Take the time to write the reasoning behind your mistake for every single answer you get wrong. It may seem like a waste of time, but it will help you internalize your mistakes which in my opinion is the most important step in MCAT prep.
...After every single test or quiz, it is imperative that you study the questions you got wrong and WHY you got them wrong. The simple mistakes (such as forgetting the formula to calculate Joules) go on flashcards. Your flashcards should have a single word or phrase on the front; on the other side, all the information you need to know about the term. For example:
...Whenever I got a question wrong or if I was unsure about it, I reviewed everything about the question to make sure that I’d never get a similar question like it wrong again.
All credit goes to those users.
...and when I reviewed the various subjects, I'd look up the specific topics I got wrong and make sure I get a good grasp.
Competitive, difficult exams for which pupils must prepare by memorising large amounts of facts and concepts will promote motivation, solidify knowledge and guarantee standards,
"Exams matter because motivation matters," Gove will say,///
"Humans are hard-wired to seek out challenges. And our self-belief grows as we clear challenges we once thought beyond us.
"If we know tests are rigorous, and they require application to pass, then the experience of clearing a hurdle we once considered too high spurs us on to further endeavours and deeper learning."
Daniel Willingham, a US cognitive psychologist who has sought to use scientific research to show pupils learn best through the use of memory and routine, arguments outlined in a book, Why Don't Students Like School?
Gove argues that "memorisation is a necessary precondition of understanding". He says: "Only when facts and concepts are committed securely to the working memory, so that it is no effort to recall them and no effort is required to work things out from first principles, do we really have a secure hold on knowledge.
"Memorising scales, or times tables, or verse, so that we can play, recall or recite automatically gives us this mental equipment to perform more advanced functions and display greater creativity.
"And the best way to build memory, as Willingham explains, is by the investment of thought and effort – such as the thought and effort we require for exam preparation and testing."

.....external tests are more fair, saying evidence shows some ethnic minority children can be under-marked by their own teachers.
..."With external testing there is no opportunity for such bias – the soft bigotry of low expectations – and tests show ethnic minority students performing better.
"So external tests are not only a way of levelling the playing field for children of all backgrounds they are a solvent of prejudice."
Colleges which had used quotas to limit, say, the number of Jewish students or placed undue reliance on lineage and connections in allocating places had to accept students on the basis of test scores and real ability.
say the concept risks writing off the chances of many pupils.
Among other benefits, the speech says, is increased pupil satisfaction: "We know that happiness comes from earned success. There is no feeling of satisfaction as deep, or sustained, as knowing we have succeeded through hard work at a task which is the upper end, or just beyond, our normal or expected level of competence."
The corollary of this, he stresses, is that a proportion of pupils must fail: "For all these reasons exams pitched at a level which all can easily pass are worse than no exams at all. Unless there is stretch in the specification, and application is required to succeed, there will be no motivation, no satisfaction and no support for those who need it."
---

stretching it a

stretching it a bit

...Comprehensive schools are failing. In particular, they are failing to stretch bright pupils and get the best out of them. Independent schools that follow that traditional grammar school model are succeeding in producing high achievers. It makes sense, therefore, that the state system should learn from the independent system. Otherwise, the state system will be ceding advantage to the independent system unnecessarily, and this will be to the disadvantage of the poor.
stretch sb
stretch bright pupils and get the best out of them.
(to cause (someone) to make maximum use of their talents or abilities; to make someone use all their intelligence or ability, especially in a way that is interesting or enjoyable)
If jobs or tasks stretch you, they make you learn new things that use your skill and experience more than you have done before:

....... My present job doesn't stretch me, so I'm looking for something more demanding. (CALD)
....... I don't think his job really stretches him sufficiently.(MM)
.......it’s too easy—it doesn’t stretch me

stretching it a bit
informal adapt or extend the scope of (something) in a way that exceeds a reasonable or acceptable limit:
...to describe her as sweet would be stretching it a bit

<......> make heavy weather

<......>
make heavy weather of sth
make heavy weather of something (informal) {BrE & AuE} disapproval
have unnecessary difficulty in dealing with (a task or problem); to carry something out with great difficulty or unnecessarily great effort; to make a situation or job more difficult than it really is; to take a longer time than necessary to do something; to treat (something) in a way that makes it seem more important or difficult than it really is
To exaggerate the difficulty of something to be done
to find surprising difficulty in doing.
make heavy weather of (BrE)
You say that someone is making heavy weather of something if you think they are making unnecessarily slow and difficult progress with it:
.....They made heavy weather of the opening sections, completely robbing the music of any momentum or atmosphere. (A Guide to Idioms)

.......He said he'd finish the job in half an hour, but he's making rather heavy weather of it.
(Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary)
.....an actor who makes heavy weather of what should be a simple scene
--- находить что-л. трудным (-)
--- усложнять без надобности; создавать, находить, видеть дополнительные сложности на пустом месте (там, где их нет)
делать (раздувать, создавать) проблему из ничего, на пустом месте
поднимать ненужную суету, прилагать излишние усилия к чему-л.
преувеличивать проблему
≈ сгущать краски
≈ нагнетать обстановку на пустом месте
делать из мухи слона
1) General subject: make a mountain out of a molehill -s, blow things out of proportion, make something out of nothing, make heavy weather of something
2) Colloquial: make a big deal (Don't make a big deal out of it! - Не принимай близко к сердцу!),
If you say that someone is making heavy weather of a task, you are critical of them because they are doing it in an inefficient way and are making it seem more difficult than it really is.
...Today, the weather is heavy. Heavy weather! ...And I’m making heavy weather of everything I’m doing. Even though nothing I’m doing is demanding. I blame the weather. That’s just so I take no responsibility for my lethargy MYSELF, see?
...Some of the riders in this section made heavy weather of the cross-country race.
... He's making heavy weather of writing his report - Ingrid finished hers days ago.
...Why do we make such heavy weather of learning languages?
трудности, проблемы
... Aren't you making rather heavy weather out of nothing? — Что ты из ничего делаешь проблему?
Англо-русский фразеологический словарь:make heavy weather
1) морское испытывать сильную качку
2) (of или out of something) усложнять что-либо; ≈ сгущать краски
Например: We needn't make heavy weather of it. If the boy hates being there, or Nick is unpleasant to him, we'll move him back to the house. (I. Murdoch, The Bell, ch. IV) — Не стоит усложнять вопрос. Если мальчику там не понравится или если Ник будет к нему плохо относиться, мы возьмем его домой.
All that any of us wished to say was, weren't we making too heavy weather of it? The Committee had been obliged to take action: that was accepted. But wasn't the penalty... too severe? (C. P. Snow, The Sleep of Reason, ch. 3) — Все члены дисциплинарной комиссии задавали себе вопрос: а не переусердствовали ли они? Комиссия была вынуждена принять меры. С этим все были согласны. Но не было ли наказание... слишком суровым?

Well round here where I live they both mean to dramatise the effort involved in doing a fairly mundane task.
The meal one is well known enough to be in the WR dictionary.
The heavy weather one is also in the WR dictionary, make heavy weather ⇒ (of a vessel) to roll and pitch in heavy seas.
It has obviously been taken from this nautical context and extended as a metaphor for other contexts in my neighbourhood .. I have no idea how widespread it is in the rest of the UK
----------
"Heavy weather", in sailor's language, is difficult weather to sail in; weather that creates adverse winds and big waves against which a boat must struggle to make progress. If you "make heavy weather" of a task, you are struggling with it like a boat in bad weather. (phrases.org.uk)

<......> крыша,

<......>
крыша, крышевать
.....Rather than a "social contract", the relationship is more accurately described as a "protection racket".

...количественные

...количественные сравнения
(больше/меньше в n раз)
в n раз больше
pay X four times as much as Y
...I'm sure all of the above will be paid at least four times as much as an engineer or office worker.
...X suggests Y visit some farmers markets, which are usually smaller and sell local, organic food. Y has gone to the farmers markets before, but her total bill was double what she spends at the larger stores. The expensive price rules out this option for her.

have a purchase on sth a

have a purchase on sth
a means of exerting influence or gaining advantage;

...."he could get no purchase on the situation"
...So yeah, we can see the Shaman’s place in society, but why does magical thinking have such a purchase in human modes of thinking in the first place?

gain/get a purchase on something
to get a firm hold on something

The rear wheels of the truck spun, trying to gain a purchase in the mud. (MM)

a firm hold that allows someone or something to be pulled or lifted without sliding or falling : Dancers use a special powder on their shoes to help them get a better purchase on the floor . (CALD)

...втянуть (в ссору,

...втянуть (в ссору, конфликт)
Related: How to avoid power struggles and start parenting effectively.
think most of us have triggers when our kids are disrespectful and then we end up getting sucked into arguments with them. If your child has >>>>drawn you into a fight with disrespectful behavior in the past, be prepared that he will try to do it again.
re you going to make your statement, give the expectations and not get caught up in your child’s words?
we made sure not to get pulled into a power struggle with him over it.
Remember, you don’t have to attend every fight—or power struggle—your child invites you to.
Once you’ve set a limit and responded appropriately to the disrespect, again, do not get pulled into the power struggle.
Avoid power struggles at all costs. Once you’re embroiled in a power struggle, you’ve .

Remember, you can always get out of a screaming match: Here’s a simple truth: if you’re caught in a screaming match with your kid, it’s always okay to stop at any point. No matter if the fight is just beginning, if you’re deep into it or it’s been going on for ten minutes, you can give yourself permission to stop and step away from the situation. As my husband James used to say, “You don’t have to attend every fight you’re invited to.’ Walking away from a screaming match will often stop the fight in its tracks, right then and there.

>>>>

... самостоятельно; в

...
самостоятельно; в одиночку
on one's own
by oneself

[go it alone]

knee-jerk the idiom knee-jerk

knee-jerk
the idiom knee-jerk reaction (an immediate reaction made without examining causes or facts)
вар-ты:
рефлекторный, автоматический; импульсивный, по первому импульсу,спонтанная реакция, спонтанный; необдуманный, поспешный, предсказуемый, всегда реагирующий одинаково; первая (непродуманная) реакция
машинальный, непроизвольный, бессознательный
??~~Наломать дров?? (cделать что-либо поспешно, не посоветовавшись, не подумав...
Не гони лошадей

Ex: With one of his typical knee-jerk reactions, he said "no" immediately, citing some moral argument that no one understood.
knee-jerk - мед. коленный рефлекс (медицина) коленный рефлекс (физиологическое) относящийся к коленному рефлексу непроивольный предвидимый, само собой разумеющийся - * reaction автоматическая реакция реагирующий автоматически и всегда одинаково; неизменный,
??? knee-jerk liberal (a person of strong liberal convictions who reacts predictably and emotionally to certain events) ???предсказуемые?; либералы, от которых знаешь, чего ожидать (не способные ни на что новое)
If you call someone's response to a question or situation a 'knee-jerk reaction', you mean that they react in a very predictable way, without thinking. (Collins Cobuild Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary)

....Legislation affecting every single person in a country must be evidence-based, not driven by knee jerk reaction or opportunist lobbying by single interest groups.

....Although human beings are not huge fans of change, we’re also not content with the status quo. If things are too peaceful, we get bored and want to shake things up a little, and in times of uncertainty, we want to do something – anything – to bring about a resolution. Be wary of knee-jerk reactions.

скоропалительные решения
.....Why do parents yell and scream at their kids? I think most people scream because they’re frustrated. At the exact moment in time when you lose it, you don’t feel like you have any other options; it becomes like a knee jerk reaction or a trigger being pulled. In other words, you don’t think about what you’re doing, you just respond.

-----

BEHAVIORS

BEHAVIORS

...ahead of the game (having

...ahead of the game (having an advantage in a competitive situation; in a good situation to achieve progress; in a situation that is likely to lead to success as the result of good planning, advice, luck etc) -- в выгодном положении (благодаря предварительным усилиям), во всеоружии (контектстно); готовый к любой неожиданности, трудности
впереди всех, на шаг впереди

Usage notes: usually used with the verbs be, get, keep, remain, and stay
иметь или получить преимущества; оказаться в более выигрышном положении;
.......The time you spend studying when you are in school will put you ahead of the game in college. (DAI) — Если будете много заниматься в школе, в колледже станете одним из первых.
справляется с неожиданными ситуациями
…….The way the administration keeps ahead of the game is to use a combination of populist rhetoric and Byzantine cunning. — Администрация всегда справляется с неожиданными ситуациями, прибегая к популистским речам и византийской хитрости.
…….Without the full cooperation of my office staff, I find it hard to stay ahead of the game.
……. If being ahead of the game is important to you and to your business, lease a mobile phone from us. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of American Idioms and Phrasal Verbs)
……. With everyone looking for new business, how does your company stay ahead of the game? (Cambridge Dictionary of American Idioms)

2 being early; having done more than necessary
рано, раньше положенного времени; заранее, до того:
.....What are your study habits? — I try to stay ahead of the game, you know, study things... Maybe if I’m studying for a test I’ll start a few days before the test and just brush up at the end. (englishbaby.com)
.....We worked hard all week in order to be ahead of the game on Monday morning.
……. When Ralph came to school an hour early, the janitor said, You're ahead of the game. (DAI) — Ральф пришел в школу на час раньше, и сторож сказал ему: "Ты сегодня раньше обычного".

Examples
…….Those don’t have to be done until tomorrow, so since you’ve already started, you’re ahead of the game!
…….Sarah baked a cake during the day so she’d be ahead of the game when she had to start preparing for her dinner party.
…….Max studied hard every night because he wanted to be ahead of the game in class.
…….The experience you've gotten over here will put you ahead of the game in college.

слезы наворачиваются,

слезы наворачиваются, навернулись
tear (up) (to fill up and overflow with tears, as the eyes (often followed by up)):
"to tear up" = "to fill up with tears." = to well up ... when the eyes fill with teardrops, usually followed by...
To cry, when the tears roll out the eyes and down the cheeks.
When someone is tearing up, they are about to cry. Their eyes begin to fill with tears.

....... "I really failed Casey: I really did", she says, tearing up.
.......День Победы (Victory Day) used to be my favorite Russian holiday. I would always tear up when I saw the veterans, some still slender in their old uniforms, covered from neck to waist in medals and ribbons, marching proudly across Red Square. (Michelle A. Berdy)
.......My eyes were tearing in the wind. (dictionary.reference.com)
.......He teared up when he heard the news. (dictionary.reference.com)


1) What images spring to mind when you hear the word ‘tears’?
2) Are tears different for men and women?
3) What are the functions of tears?
4) Have you ever burst into tears in public?
5) When do tears well up in your eyes? 6) Have you ever had tears of laughter and tears of joy? 7) What childhood activities always ended in tears? 8) When was the last time you bit your lip and fought back the tears? 9) Antoine de Saint-Exupery said: "It is such a secret place, the land of tears." Do you agree?
10) Someone once said: "Tears are words the heart can't express." Do you agree?
1 When was the last time you cried?
2) Do you like children’s tears?
3) Are there different kinds of tears?
4) Have you ever run out of tears?
5) Can you easily hold back your tears?
6) What images, situations or people can always reduce you to tears? 7) Have you ever been bored to tears? Is this the beginning of being bored silly, then bored senseless, then being bored to death? 8) Has a book or movie ever moved you to tears? 9) Someone once said: "A woman wears her tears like jewelry." What does this mean? Do you agree with?
10) Someone once said: "Our eyes need to be washed by our tears once in a while, so that we can see life with a clearer view again." Do you agree?

could do with sth

could do with sth {infml}
also could use sth
to need or want something that would be beneficial; to benefit from someone or something;

If you could do with something, you want or need something, might profit from -- нуждаться, хотеть;
(кому-л.) могло бы пригодиться, бы не помешало, не мешало бы; было бы очень неплохо, неплохо бы; не отказался бы; следовало бы; не прочь
There's a difference between your two sentences: "I could do with" means "I need", rather than "I want".

I could do with two weeks away from the children and the washing-up.
This car could do with a good polish.
I have a bottle of whisky in my car. We could do with it now.
Perform an act of kindness for a friend who could use some cheering up. (... которого нужно подбодрить, которому необходимо ободрение)

Example: I could use some help over here!
(You look as if) you could do with
.....a haircut.
..... a night's sleep.
..... a rest.
..... a (hot/nice cool)drink right now.

(need) To make good use of something because of need:
I could do with a hot bath.
I could do with a drink!
Her hair could have done with a wash.
This room can do with a good cleaning, or
Harry could do with a new suit.

could do with sth is also used to say that you would like to have something.
I could do with something to eat. I haven't eaten since breakfast.
I could do with a good night's sleep. I haven't had one for weeks.

That man could do with a shave — Этому мужчине не мешало бы побриться
You look as if you could do with a good night's sleep — Судя по твоему виду, тебе бы следовало хорошо выспаться
Do you know what I could do with? — Ты знаешь, от чего бы я сейчас не отказался?
I could do with a drink right now — Я бы сейчас не прочь чего-нибудь выпить
New English-Russian dictionary of modern informal English. Новый Англо-Русский словарь современного неформального английского. 2012

To me, 'could do with' denotes an element of necessity (i.e. 'I need'), but not necessity entirely. In my opinion, 'could do with' is a softened version of 'I need', often used when wishing to indicate that you'd like a rest. In context, if I was saying "I could do with a rest tomorrow" to my boss, that would be a polite way of saying, "I'm tired, can I have a day off tomorrow?" If I was saying it to my friend, it'd be a way of saying "I'm tired, if only my boss would give me a day off tomorrow/I'm tired, I wish I could have a day tomorrow."
So I would say it was a cross between 'I need' and 'I want'.
"I could do with ..." is predominantly British, I think.
"We could do with a bit of rain", Americans would be more likely to say "I could use a day off" or "I could stand a day off." The meaning is the same, I think. I would say it's a bit weaker than "I need a day off" but stronger than "I want a day off." I am saying that I would benefit from a day off, or that I want a day off but because I feel the need for a rest.

Yes, unfortunately, it is just another idiom you'll have to memorise. A slightly more comprehensible variant would be 'could use' - 'I could use a day's rest from work' is practically interchangeable, although some may find that 'could use' leans slightly towards desire more than necessity.

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I could do with a hand/use a hand (=it would be useful to have some help)
LDOCE
..... some help on this project.
We could certainly do with a hand.
You can both stop leaning against the wall; I can do with a helping hand.

... (LESS IMPORTANT PLACE)

...

(LESS IMPORTANT PLACE) /
› a position of less importance :

.......Nelson will never take a backseat to anyone. (CACD)

take a backseat to sth (spend less time doing that than other things; let other people take a more active and responsible part in a situation) – отходить на второй план, уступать место, вытесняться чем-л.; быть на втором плане, отойти/отступить на второй план; отодвинуться на второй план
держаться в тени, не занимать активной позиции
to take an unimportant position
..... At these discussion, he always takes a back seat and listens to others talking .
to become less important (than something else ):
..... Agriculture , which generates only about $50 million a year in revenue , takes a back seat to other industries like oil and gas that bring in billions of dollars .
...... Environmental issues take a back seat in tough economic times . ›

In my early twenties, politics very much took a back seat to sport and socializing. (CID)
He's been putting all his energies into house-hunting recently so his studies have had to take a back seat. (CID)

to let other people take a more active and responsible part in an organization, activity, or situation

I was content to take a back seat and let the rest of my family deal with the crisis. (CID)
After appointing a new chief executive, the chairman of the fashion chain is finally taking a back seat at the business he founded .
....As "real learning" takes a backseat to "test learning," challenging curriculum is replaced by multiple choice materials, individualized student learning projects disappear, and in-depth exploration of subjects along with extracurricular activities are squeezed out of the curriculum.
.....Textbooks have started taking a back seat to computer aided learning and conventional work sheets that used to constitute home work have been replaced by power point presentations.

The original question was whether sunsnow could always use "will". The answer is "yes," unless he's a lawyer. Otherwise stick it in the back seat with the rest of your passive vocab!

----------------------

......... ОТХОДНЯ́К the come

......... ОТХОДНЯ́К
the come down (after) and the comedown (after) ({Slang} a depressed or unexcited state) -- ОТХОДНЯ́К -а́; м. Жарг.
1. О состоянии после сильного алкогольного или наркотического опьянения, характеризующемся головной болью, тошнотой, позывами опохмелиться или принять новую дозу наркотика. {похмелье, абстинентный синдом, синдром отмены}
2. О состоянии бессилия, расслабленности, отрешённости и т.п., наступающем после тяжёлой, напряжённой работы, сильного волнения, потрясения и т.п. В отходняке кто-л.
a hangover
katzenjammer (a hangover; a state of depression or bewilderment)

заготовки (в работе) so much

заготовки (в работе)
so much so
to such a great degree
..... Computer games opened a new world, so much so you wonder what you used to do with your free time. (thefreedictionary.com)
Usage notes: often followed by a clause beginning with that:
..... The path was overgrown with grass, so much so that I could easily have missed it altogether.(thefreedictionary.com)
Cambridge Dictionary of American Idioms
so much so that
To such an extent that:
..... I was fascinated by the company, so much so that I wrote a book about it
More example sentences
It's much easier doing this job on a proper bench, so much so that even I can manage it reasonably speedily.
The noodles were starchy and overcooked, so much so that in places they had welded together into a solid lump.
The soup is excellent, so much so that on a recent visit my companion had two bowls.

wax eloquent (about sth)

wax eloquent (about sth) {mainly literary}
(to speak with eloquence; to talk a lot in a way that expresses emotion or enthusiasm) — разразиться потоком красноречия; красноречиво высказаться по какому-л. поводу

wax eloquent/lyrical/emotional
Figuratively, if you wax eloquent, lyrical or poetic about something, you talk about it at great length and with growing enthusiasm.

.....Perry never passed up a chance to wax eloquent at a banquet. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of American Idioms and Phrasal Verbs)

.....Some trendy Western activists wax eloquent on the wonders of rural living. Presumably they have never visited a poor country, let alone a poor countryside.

---------
The verb "wax" is most often found in the company of its opposite, "wane."
(see [wax and wane])

...

pass up a chance to -- упустить возможность

be man enough to do sth › to

be man enough to do sth
› to be brave enough to do something:
... He was man enough to admit he had made a mistake (CALD)

at large › generally: sb/sth

at large
› generally:
sb/sth at large › people or things in general
the population/public/society/world etc at large people in general:
The chemical pollution poses a threat to the population at large. (LDOCE)
в целом
Society at large will benefit from this. (CACD)
This group is not representative of the population at large. (CALD)

› A person who is at large is not in prison:
be at large › If someone dangerous is at large, they are not in prison.
be at large if a dangerous person or animal is at large, they have escaped from somewhere or have not been caught:
The escaped prisoners are still at large. (LDOCE)

быть на свободе

1. 1> на свободе, свободный; на просторе
to set at large - освободить
he will soon be at large - он скоро выйдет на свободу
2> незанятый, без определённых занятий

2. пространно, подробно, со всеми деталями
to talk to write at large - говорить писать пространно /подробно/
to go into the question at large - подробно осветить /рассмотреть/ вопрос

3. в целом, весь
country at large - вся страна
people at large - широкие слои населения
public at large - широкая публика, вся публика

the Forsyte famiy at large - все Форсайты

4. случайно; без разбору
he scatters imputations at large - он бросает обвинения направо и налево

5. имеющий широкие или необычные пономочия

6. вообще, в общем смысле
promises made at large - неконкретные обещания

7. независимо от партийной принадлежности
eight of the State's seats in the House were filled at large - из всех мест, которые имеет наш штат в палате представителей, восемь получили независимые кандидаты

Англо-Русско-Английский словарь общей лексики, сборник из лучших словарей. English-Russian-English dictionary of general lexis, the collection of the best dictionaries. 2012

be better off 1 (RICHER) ›

be better off
1 (RICHER) › richer
(to have more money than you had in the past or more money than most other people; having more money and a better level of comfort in your life than you had before, or than someone else has) —

Better off is the comparative form of well off, i.e. richer,

Examples:
He is far better off than I am.
…..Obviously we're better off now that we're both working. богаче
….. People in this country are far better off than they were ten years ago.
….. We're a lot better off now that Jane's started work again.
…..When his parents died, he found himself $100,000 better off (= he had $100,000 more than before).

e.g.
XXX {infml} () —

Examples:

However it can also be used to mean “It would be//it is better for you, him, it, etc.",
2 BETTER SITUATION
› in a better situation
› in a more satisfactory situation than you were before:

лучше

Examples: ..... Simon's such an idiot - you'd be better off without him.
..... I know you’re unhappy that the relationship ended, but you’re better off with
..... She's better off without her husband; he made her life a misery.
..... You’d be better off without a car alarm; they’re always going off at the wrong time.
..... Sometimes I think I'd be better off without a job: I can’t cope with this one any longer.

2.
Better off doing sth

Examples:
..... It's clear that we’ve reached a stalemate; we’d be better off starting again.
..... I think we’d be better off sticking to just one method of teaching.
..... You’d be better off going on the motorway than taking a country route, if you want to arrive there by 6 o'clock.
..... You would be better off being straightforward...
..... You’d be better off cutting out chocolate than potatoes if you want to lose weight.
..... You'd be better off leaving early, if you want to dodge the traffic.
think we’d be better off getting this report out as soon as possible, rather than putting it off until after the law changes.
..... You’d be better off soaking that jumper in cold water than putting it in a hot wash.
..... Well, if I tried to trick you, you’d see through it I’m much better off being honest with my customers. Anyway, you can buy some salt from me if you wish.
..... Instead of relying on your overdraft facility, you’d be better off taking out a loan.
..... The lawyer made a meal of the contract.We would have been better off having a go at it ourselves.
..... It hasn’t sunk in yet, but I think you'd be better off putting it down to experience, rather than losing any sleep over it.
..... You’d be better off using the blunt edge of a knife to open this bottle than one of those useless gimmicks.

----
I’ve gone off her coffee. I think we’d all be better off if she just offered us tea.

An alternative is
Related vocabulary:

See also:

staying power the ability to

staying power
the ability to last or remain popular
the ability to continue existing or trying to do something, even when this is difficult:

If someone has staying power, that person always manage to continue doing what they have to do until it is finished.

staying power
The ability to endure or last, as in I'm not sure that this young novelist will have staying power, or Our candidate definitely has staying power. This expression comes from racing, where it means "the strength to maintain speed through a race."
The American Heritage
ability or strength to last or endure; endurance; stamina.
mass noun] informal
The ability to maintain an activity or commitment despite fatigue or difficulty; stamina:
do you have the staying power to study alone at home?

Cardiovascular stamina, for all-day staying power, and weight lifting, for injury prevention and power.
It was his wit, his staying power and his uncanny ability to surf the waves of changing musical taste and always land on the right side of the curve that made him so special.
We vow to start faster and run harder, when what we need may be not more speed but more staying power, stamina that comes only from a bigger heart.

Examples
..... She was remarkable for her staying power, energy, and determination. (CBD)
..... Billy Joel has a lot of staying power. He’s been making popular, best-selling music for three decades. (EB)

have no staying power
to lack endurance; not to be able to last.
..... Sally can swim fast for a short distance, but she has no staying power.
..... That horse can start fairly fast, but it has no staying power.
See also: have, no, power, stay
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of American Idioms and Phrasal Verbs

1) Общая лексика: выдержка, выносливость, стойкость
2) Военный термин: боевая устойчивость, способность к длительным действиям, способность удержать свои позиции (военные, экономические, политические и др.), способность удержаться у власти
3) Банковское дело: возможность не продавать актив при снижении его стоимости
4) Парфюмерия: устойчивость
5) Реклама: живучесть, жизнеспособность, жизнестойкость
6) Деловая лексика: страна пребывания

bubble gum for the brain
something that is not too intellectual; something that requires little thought

Examples
...... These romance novels are just bubble gum for the brain.

a rite of passage 1 an

a rite of passage
1
an activity or ceremony that shows that someone has reached an important new stage in their life, especially the start of their adult life

2
any important act or event that serves to mark a passage from one stage of life to another.

.......There's an element of danger to most adolescent rites of passage, whether they be driving, sex, alcohol or drugs. (thefreedictionary.com)
....... Love it or loathe it, Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet" has served as a rite of passage for high school students for generations.

обряд социального изменения; церемония, связанная с переходом индивида из одной возрастной группы в другую или из одного социального слоя в другой (ритуал бракосочетания)

rite of passage
{Anthropology} a ceremony performed to facilitate or mark a person's change of status upon any of several highly important occasions, as at the onset of puberty or upon entry into marriage or into a clan.
ceremonial event, existing in all historically known societies, that marks the passage from one social or religious status to another.
rites among various societies throughout the world,
the most common types of rites; their purposes from the viewpoints of the people observing the rites;
their social, cultural, and psychological significance as seen by scholars seeking to gain an understanding of human behaviour.