Междометия (копилка, отбор, сведЕние) - rough

Intro??

Interjections (definition)
List of Interjection
List of Common English Interjection
What are Interjections? Samples, Meaning and Definition
Examples

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Interjections
Interjections (Definition and Meaning of an Interjection)
What is an Interjection? A Interjection is one of the primary parts of speech and are important to the correct use of English grammar. The meaning or definition of an interjection is as follows:
(-----The word "interjection" means "thrown in between" from the Latin word 'inter' meaning "between" and 'iacere' meaning "throw".)
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Definition & Meaning of Interjections

An interjection is a word used to express some sudden emotion of the mind/////An interjection is a word that expresses feeling or emotion and functions independently of a sentence.

Examples: "Ah! there he comes" and "Alas! what shall I do?"
The word 'ah' expresses surprise, and the word 'alas' expresses distress.

Nouns, adjectives, verbs and adverbs become interjections when they are uttered as exclamations

Examples of interjections: nonsense! strange! hail! away! etc.
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List of Common English Interjections
The following words are a list of Interjections which are commonly used in the English language (BrE):

adios
ah
aha
ahem
ahoy
alack
alas
all hail
alleluia
aloha
amen
attaboy
aw
ay
bah
begorra
behold
bejesus
bingo bleep
boo
bravo
bye
cheerio
cheers
ciao
crikey
cripes
dear
doh
duh
eh
encore
eureka
fie
gee
gee whiz
gesundheit
goodness
gosh
great
hah
ha-ha
hail
hallelujah
heigh-ho
hello
hem
hey
hey presto
hi
hip
hmm
ho
ho hum
hot dog
howdy hoy
huh
humph
hurray
hush
indeed
jeepers creepers
jeez
lo and behold
man
my word
now
ooh
oops
ouch
phew
phooey
pip-pip
pooh
pshaw
rats
righto
scat
shoo
shoot
so
so long
there
touché
tush
tut
tut-tut
ugh
uh-huh
uh-oh
uh-uh
viva voila
wahoo
well
what
whoa
whoopee
whoops
whoosh
wow
yay
yes
yippee
yo
yoicks
yoo-hoo
yuk
Yummy (adj.; interj)
(delicious; good tasting):

...... The popcorn at this movie theater is really yummy!
..... If you are invited to a potluck party, you should prepare some food to share with all of the guests at the party. Potlucks are really fun because everyone brings something really yummy to eat and drink.

(hot; sexy; extremely attractive):

...... Have you seen Daniel Craig in the new James Bond movie? He’s yummy.

zap

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сужаю?
SOME COMMON INTERJECTIONS
aha
goodness
tsk
alas
hurray
well
darn
oh
whew
golly
ouch
wow
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2. Find examples of 5 different interjections.
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ah
expressing pleasure "Ah, that feels good."
expressing realization "Ah, now I understand."
expressing resignation "Ah well, it can't be heped."
expressing surprise "Ah! I've won!"

alas
expressing grief or pity "Alas, she's dead now."

dear
expressing pity "Oh dear! Does it hurt?"
expressing surprise "Dear me! That's a surprise!"

eh
asking for repetition "It's hot today." "Eh?" "I said it's hot today."
expressing enquiry "What do you think of that, eh?"
expressing surprise "Eh! Really?"
inviting agreement "Let's go, eh?"

er *
expressing hesitation "Lima is the capital of...er...Peru."

hello, hullo
expressing greeting "Hello John. How are you today?"
expressing surprise "Hello! My car's gone!"

hey
calling attention "Hey! look at that!"
expressing surprise, joy etc "Hey! What a good idea!"

hi
expressing greeting "Hi! What's new?"

hmm*
expressing hesitation, doubt or disagreement "Hmm. I'm not so sure."

oh, o
expressing surprise "Oh! You're here!"
expressing pain "Oh! I've got a toothache."
expressing pleading "Oh, please say 'yes'!"

ouch
expressing pain "Ouch! That hurts!"

uh*
expressing hesitation "Uh...I don't know the answer to that."

uh-huh
expressing agreement "Shall we go?" "Uh-huh."

um, umm
expressing hesitation "85 divided by 5 is...um...17."

yada yada yada {exclamation}
(North American English, infml)
(also yadda yadda yadda )
ˌjædə jædə ˈjædə
Used when you are talking about something to show that some of the details are not worth saying because they are not important or are boring or obvious

His new girlfriend is attractive, funny, smart, yada yada yada. (OALD)

Yikes!
Yikes is an expression that indicates surprise—either good or bad.

You have just won a trip for two to Hawaii. -- >Yikes! Wait ’til I tell my husband!
You are charged with driving more than fifteen miles over the speed limit. -- >Yikes! Wait ’til I tell my husband!

well
expressing surprise "Well I never!"
introducing a remark "Well, what did he say?"
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* Interjections like er and um are also known as "hesitation devices". They are extremely common in English. People use them when they don't know what to say, or to indicate that they are thinking about what to say. You should learn to recognize them when you hear them and realize that they have no real meaning.

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Dagnabbit!
Dagnabbit! I Lost my car keys again!
“Dagnabbit!” exclam. may be used as a euphemistic replacement for “God damn it!” which is used to convey frustration and anger.

Dash it all!
Dash it all! I missed the last bus!
“Dash it all!” exclam. used to indicate anger and frustration (may be used as a euphemism for “Damn it!” which is considered harsh).

Doggone it!
Doggone it! He’s late again!
ALSO: “Doggone it!” exclam. used to indicate anger or frustration (may be used as a euphemistic replacement for “God damn it!” which is considered irreverent).

“Drat!”
an exclam. used in annoyance. (выражение раздражения.)
Drat! I can’t find my glasses!

Fooey!
Fooey! I lost the contest for the third time!
“Fooey!” exclam. (also spelled “phooey”) used to indicate anger or frustration (may be used as a euphemistic replacement for “Fuck” which is considered extremely vulgar).

She forgot to pick you up at the airport? Fooey on her!
VARIATION: “Fooey on him/that!” exp. used to indicate contempt for someone or something (may be used as a euphemistic replacement for “Fuck him/that!” which is considered extremely vulgar).

Fudge!
Fudge! I was so sure I was going to win.
“Fudge!” exclam. used to indicate disappointment, anger, or frustration (may be used as a euphemistic replacement for “Fuckl” which is considered extremely vulgar)
“Gad!” exclam. a commonly used euphemism for “God,” used to denote excitement, surprise or annoyance
l. (excitement). 1. Gad! What a beautiful house!
2. (surprise). 2. Gad! Did you see that shooting star?
3. (annoyance). 3. Gad! Why doesn’t he just l.eave me alone?!

VARIATIONS: “Gadzooks!” “Egads!” exclam. used primarily by the older generation or in jest.

1. Боже мой! Какой прекрасный дом!
2. Боже мой! Ты видел эту падающую звезду?
3. Боже мой! (Господи!) Почему он не оставит меня в покое?!
"Gad!" воскл. обычно использующейся эвфемизм слова "God", испольуемый для обозначения восхищения, удивления или радражения.
1. (восхищение).
2. (удивление).
3. (раздражение).
ВАРИАНТЫ: "Gadzooks!", "Egads!" воскл. употребляются, в основном, лицами старшего поколения или в шутку.

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Geez! How the heck do you get this friggin’ thing to open! With all the crud we brought, you’d think we could bring a decent tent! Drat!

Geez!”
exclam. a commonly used euphemism for “Jesus,” used to denote excitement, surprise, or annoyance.
Geez!-may be used in place of “Gad!” in all three instances.

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“Gee!” exclam. a commonly used euphemism for “Jesus, “used to denote excitement, surprise, or annoyance. “Gee!” may be used in place of “Gad!” in all three instances.
VARIATIONS: “Gee whillikers!” “Gee whiz!” “Geez Louise!”
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“Golly!” exclam. a very mild and commonly used euphemism for God, used to denote excitement, surprise, or annoyance. “Golly!” may be used in place of “Gad!” in all three instances.
VARIATIONS: “Golly gee!” “Golly gee whillikers! - exclam. used primarily in jest.
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Goshl! exclam. a very mild and commonly used euphemism for “God, used to denote excitement, surprise, or annoyance. “Gosh!” may be used in place of “Gad!” in all three instances.
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“Guy!” exclam. a mild and commonly used euphemism for “God, “ used to denote excitement, surprise, or annoyance. “Guy!” may be used in place of “Gad!” in all three instances.
Goldarnit!
Goldarnit! That guy just cheated me!
“Goldarnit!” exclam. (pronounced “galdar-nit”) used to indicate anger or frustration (may be used as a euphemistic replacement for “God damn it!” which is considered irreverent).

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Good grief! How did you get the kitchen so dirty?
“Good grief!” exclam. used to indicate surprise and disbelief (may be used as a euphemistic replacement for “Good God!” which is considered, by some, to be irreverent).
VARIATION: “Good gravy!” exclam. used primarily in jest.
Здрасте, я ваша тетя! Как же ты засрала всю кухню!
"Good grief!" воскл. используется для выражения удивления и неверия (может быть использовано как эвфемизм слова "Good God!", которое считается неуместным).
СИНОНИМ: "Good gravy!" воскл.
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Holy Cowl How did your little sister get way up there?
“Holy Cow!” exclam. used to indicate surprise and disbelief (may be used as a euphemistic replacement for “Holy Christ!” which is considered to be irreverent).

Holy Cripes! Did you hear what just happened?-- Боже мой! Ты слышал, что произошло?!
Holy Cripes! - exclam. used to indicate surprise and disbelief (may be used as a euphemistic replacement for “Holy Christ!” which is considered to be irreverent)."Holy cripes!" воскл. используется для выражения удивления и неверия (может быть использовано как эвфемизм слова "Holy Christ!", которое считается неуместным).

Holey Moley!
Holey Moley! How did you do that? -- Елки-палки! Как ты это сделал?!
“Holy Moley!” exclam. used to indicate surprise and disbelief (may be used as a euphemistic replacement for “Holy Mosesl” which is considered to be irreverent)"Holy Moley!" воскл. используется для выражения удивления и неверия (может быть использовано как эвфемизм слова "Holy Moses!", которое считается неуместным).

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Jiminy Cricket! Where did you find all that money? -- Черт возьми! Где ты нашел все эти деньги?!
“Jiminy Cricket!” exclam. used to indicate surprise and disbelief (may be used as a euphemistic replacement for “Jesus Christ” which is considered to be irreverent).
SYNONYM: “Jiminy Christmas!” exclam. used primarily in jest.
"Jiminy Cricket!" воскл. используется для выражения удивления и неверия (может быть использовано как эвфемизм слова "Jesus Christ!", которое считается неуместным).
СИНОНИМ: "Jiminy Christmas!" воскл. используется, в основном, в шутку.

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“Shoot!” a commonly used euphemism for “Shit!” used to denote excitement, surprise, or annoyance. -Shootl” may be used in place of gad, darn, etc.
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Shucks! I lost the contest!
“Shucks!” a commonly used euphemism for “Shit1” used to denote disappointment
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Упражнения

Adding Interjections to Sentences.
Fill in each blank with an interjection that shows the feeling or emotion given in parentheses.
EXAMPLE:
This tastes terrible! (disgust)
1.
I just bit my tongue. (pain)
2.
The stain will not come out. (regret)
3.
What a terrific car that is! (delight)
4.
It’s just what I always wanted. (surprise)
5.
What a close game this is! (excitement)
6.
I’m trapped in here! (fear)
7.
I knew I got that one wrong. (annoyance)
8.
The game has been rained out. (disappointment)
9.
Our team is winning. (enthusiasm)
10.
What a workout that was! (exhaustion

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Homer Simpson adds to the list of Interjections!
The list of interjections increase and change with different generations. One of the latest interjections is the famous "Doh!" by the cartoon character Homer Simpson!
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Examples Help - Understanding the Different Interjections!
Understanding the different types of Interjections is a basic requirement of the English language. We hope the above information will be of some assistance.
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Conjunctive Adverbs
A conjunctive adverb is an adverb that acts as a conjunction to connect
complete ideas.

FREQUENTLY USED CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS
accordingly
finally
nevertheless
again
furthermore
otherwise
also
however
then
besides
indeed
therefore
consequently
moreover
thus

• Practice 1

Recognizing Conjunctive Adverbs.
Underline each conjunctive adverb in the sentences below. If a sentence does not have a conjunctive adverb, write none in the blank at the right.
EXAMPLE:
We waited for the bus; not a single one came by.
none

1. Ellen’s new bike was a bargain; besides, she needed one.
2. I overslept this morning; therefore, I was late for school.
3. The phone rang ten times; no one answered.
4. It is not unusual for Phil to be late; indeed, he is seldom on time.
5. Louise had never eaten snails; nevertheless, she was willing to try.
6. Please eat your potatoes; they are getting cold.
7. The third batter struck out; again, the Pirates had not scored.
8. Len finished his homework; then, he was ready to relax.
9. One twin is extremely cautious; the other is impulsive.
10. We were caught in traffic; consequently, we missed the overture
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сравнение, оценка

drunctionary
Relations
Love
Work
Money

Alphabetical lists of idioms

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Тематически

Ambition-determination
Efficiency - Competence
Money Idioms
Anger-irritation
Employment - Jobs
Negotiations
Animal & bird Idioms
Feelings-emotions
Number Idioms
Anxiety - fear
Food Idioms
Problems-difficulties
Arguments-disagreements
Frankness - Sincerity
Relationships
Authority - power
Fun-enjoyment
Safety - Danger
Behaviour idioms
Happiness - Sadness
Secrets-indiscretion
Body idioms
Health Idioms
Situations
Business - Work Idioms
Hesitation - Indecision
Sports Idioms
Choices - Options
Honesty-dishonesty
Success-failure
Clothes Idioms
Intelligence-understanding
Surprise-disbelief
Colour idioms
Law & Order
Time idioms
Descriptions of people
Madness - Insanity
Travel-transport
Descriptions of places-things
Memory - Remembering
Weather-atmosphere

Ccskrb
Межд
www.englishclub.com/grammar/interjections.htm